Model 1 Intergovernmental Agreement Fatca

As more and more countries embrace global economics and the exchange of information, there has been a growing need for cooperation between governments to facilitate this exchange. One such effort is the Model 1 Intergovernmental Agreement (IGA) under the Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act (FATCA). In this article, we`ll delve into what Model 1 IGA is, its key features, and its potential benefits.

What is Model 1 IGA?

In 2010, the United States Congress enacted the Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act (FATCA) to combat offshore tax evasion. FATCA requires foreign financial institutions (FFIs) to report information on accounts held by US persons to the US Internal Revenue Service (IRS). To facilitate this reporting, the IRS developed two models of IGAs to be negotiated with partner countries.

Model 1 IGA allows FFIs in partner countries to report information on US account holders to their respective governments. This information is then shared with the US government through automatic exchange of information agreements. In contrast, Model 2 IGA requires FFIs to directly report to the IRS.

What are the key features of Model 1 IGA?

Model 1 IGA has several key features that make it an attractive option for countries that want to comply with FATCA. One such feature is the reciprocal nature of the agreement. Partner countries can also require US FFIs to report information on their citizens and residents to their respective governments. This ensures a level playing field and promotes fairness in the exchange of information.

Another feature is the inclusion of a non-discrimination clause. Under this clause, partner countries cannot discriminate against FFIs based on their country of origin. This helps to prevent any unfair advantage to certain countries and ensures that all FFIs are treated equally.

Lastly, Model 1 IGA includes provisions to protect the privacy of account holders. Information exchanged between partner countries must be kept confidential and can only be used for tax purposes. This helps to ensure that the privacy of account holders is not compromised.

What are the potential benefits of Model 1 IGA?

Model 1 IGA has several potential benefits for partner countries and their FFIs. One such benefit is reduced compliance costs. FFIs in partner countries do not have to comply with the more onerous requirements of Model 2 IGA, which can be costly and time-consuming.

Another benefit is increased transparency. With the automatic exchange of information, partner countries can easily identify potential tax evaders and take appropriate action. This can help to build trust and improve transparency in the global financial system.

Finally, Model 1 IGA can also help to strengthen relationships between partner countries. By working together to combat offshore tax evasion, countries can build closer ties and promote cooperation in other areas.


In conclusion, Model 1 IGA is an important tool in the fight against offshore tax evasion. It provides a framework for partner countries to exchange information on US account holders and promotes cooperation in the global financial system. With its key features and potential benefits, Model 1 IGA is a valuable option for countries seeking to comply with FATCA.

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